On Wednesday, a new kind of deep brain stimulation device was implanted to treat a patient at late stage Parkinson’s disease (PD) at the University of Szeged (SZTE).
The procedure, conducted for the first time in the Central and Eastern European region, provides a suitable way for the real-time detection and recording of the brain’s electric activities.
Péter Klivényi, director of SZTE’s Department of Neurology, told MTI that although the typical symptoms of Parkinson’s disease can be reduced by medication at the beginning, as the illness progresses, which takes 4-6 years in most cases, it can no longer provide an efficient way of treatment.
Deep brain stimulation, applied since 2005 worldwide and since 2011 in Szeged, basically means having a certain area of the brain stimulated by electrical impulses via an implanted device. Thanks to the procedure, the patient’s quality of life can significantly improve, and the usual medication can be decreased or, in some cases, even discontinued completely.
In Hungary, there are approximately twenty thousand patients diagnosed with Parkinson’s – 15-20% of them are already at a stage in which it would be reasonable to perform this kind of surgery, though about half of them wouldn’t even consider going under the knife, mainly because they’re too afraid of the operation – added Klivényi.
This surgery, conducted by Dávid Kis, SZTE Neurology Clinic’s head of department and assistant professor, was extremely important as the elderly patient was the 5th in the world to receive the new implant that does not only stimulate the brain, but is able to detect and record its electric activities at the same time as well. This way, doctors can monitor the current changes and behaviors of the brain, continuously following up on the data to draw conclusions about the treatment’s efficiency, adjusting the stimulation and medication more accurately. — said the professor.
The procedure was performed in SZTE’s hybrid operating room, inaugurated last October, with the help of such neuronavigation and imaging system that can considerably shorten the time frame, and make the awake brain surgery much more bearable for the patient.